DVD 52 mins
Nestor Makhno La Rivoluzione Anarchica in Ucraina
 (2000)
In Collection
#624

Seen It:
Yes
Documentary
Italy  /  Italian

Director Hélène Châtelain

Italian Version.

The Makhnovists were a libertarian movement, rooted in the traditions of anarchist-communism, that developed an experience of revolutionary changes in the economic and political structures of Ukrainian society.

[ChristieBooks]

De 1917 a 1921 Ucrania vivió el entusiasmo revolucionario que llevó al derrocamiento del zarismo y a la organización de formas sociales cooperativas y autogestionarias. El ejército guerrillero de Néstor Majno (1889-1934) defendió las colectividades campesinas de la ocupación de las tropas alemanas a las que el Gobierno bolchevique había entregado la región, se enfrentó a los nacionalistas ucranianos que pretendían la creación de un nuevo Estado y luchó contra los ejércitos de los generales zaristas Denikin y Wrangel. Los bolcheviques se aliaron con Majno cuando éstos luchaban contra un enemigo común, para más tarde, y sin previa declaración de hostilidades, atacar a los guerrilleros y aplastar las colectividades.

En 1921 Majno y un pequeño grupo de supervivientes pudieron exiliarse a Rumania, posteriormente a Alemania; para acabar instalándose en París, donde Majno escribió sus memorias y murió en 1934. Como suele suceder a todos los que luchan contra los poderosos, la historia les ignora, cuando no les difama. La propaganda soviética creó una leyenda de un Néstor Majno bandido psicópata, anarquista, antisemita y contrarrevolucionario; pero para los habitantes de Ucrania su anarquismo revolucionario fue una defensa de la libertad y de los pobres, y la prensa majnovista demuestra que defendió a los judíos...

Héléne Chátelain, la directora del documental Néstor Majno, un campesino de Ucrania, narra los avatares del movimiento majnovista y recoge los testimonios de historiadores y de familiares de los protagonistas que después de haber sido silenciados durante los años del terror comunista recobran la palabra y recuerdan lo que el poder quiso silenciar.

Source: http://www.lamalatesta.net/

Edition Details
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Notes
For those who are not familiar with the subject, the Makhnovists were a libertarian movement, deeply rooted in the traditions of anarchist-communism, that developed an experience of revolutionary changes in the economic and political structures of the backwarded Ukrainian society - its name coming from Nestor Makhno, a remarkable militant who remained the main figure of the movement. To defend the gains of the Social Revolution, they launched a guerrilla warfare in Ukraine against a number of enemies: foreign troops, Nationalists, Whites, different warlords and Bolsheviks. Finally defeated treacherously by the Bolsheviks, the book tells the story of the movement from its very origin, contradicting the traditional view of it as appearing literally from nowhere. The movement sprung from the rebellious history of the peasant and cossack revolts of the region, and the ground for anarchist ideas was well prepared for more than 10 years before the 1917 revolution by the agitational activities of the Gulyai Polye anarchist-communist group, founded by the Semenyuta brothers and V. Antoni. Thus, anarchism had a local tradition among the local population and it was this advantage that made it fertile soil for the Makhnovist experience. At the same time, it gives a very fine description of Makhno's own life. To understand the radicality of its revolutionary convictions: the serf origins of his family, his hard life as a child labourer, his brief schooling years, his experiences of early revolt against unfair treatment given by landlords, his activities in the Gulyai Polye anarchist-communist group, the terrorist years and his imprisonement in the different dungeons of the Czar. The bulk of the book is dedicated to the revolutionary period between 1917, when Makhno gained his freedom with the February revolution, to 1921, when the Bolsheviks won complete control over Ukraine. It depicts, with first hand information and using a wide range of sources, the Makhnovist campaigns, the difficulties of revolutionary warfare and the political struggle for the triumph of the "free soviets". Well informed, it brings together valuable accounts that discredit most of the usual charges of the Bolshevik historical mythomania against him and his movement: banditry, anti-semitism, his alleged alcoholism and their self-indulgence in orgies (!). All these are systematically exposed as utter lies, with no factual evidence, but the intention of discrediting the movement. It is important to take into account that even the sacrosanct "official anarchist historian" of the Russian Revolution, Volin, echoes these false accusations - presumably, as part of a personal vendetta against Makhno, with whom they clashed over a number of issues, mainly when in exile in Paris. Thus, by way of repeating a lie again and again, many ended up accepting it as truth. This book is a healthy way of putting the record straight on the movement.

[ChristieBooks]

Hélène Châtelain es actriz (La Jetée, de Chris Marker, 1962), guionista, montadora, directora, escritora, traductora y periodista. Entre sus películas podemos destacar Les prisons aussi (1973), Le Iion, sa cage et ses ailes (1975), Un poème, cinq films (1980), Irlande, terre promise (1982), Nous ne sommes pas des personnages historiques (1985), Maintenant, ça va... (1987), Nestor Makhno, paysan d'Ukraine(1996) y Goulag(2000).

Imagen: Jean-Louis Porte (Ucrania) Claire Bailly-Dubois (París). Sonido: Jean-Frangois Priester. Voz de Néstor Majno: Alexeï Krichenkov. Montaje: Hélène Châtelain lossif Pasternak. Producción: 13 Production La Parole Errante. Dirección: Hélèn Châtelain. Voz de la narradora: Mercedes Cruz. Voz de Néstor Majno: Xim Vidal. Traducciones: Carlos Álvarez Ignasi de Llorens. Grabación y postproducción de audio:David Cladera. Ayudante de sonido: Ramón Fernández. Subtítulos: Santi García. Producción:Montse Rodríguez Aline Tur. Agradecimientos: Sylvia Sánchez, Centre d'Estudis Fotogràfics (CEF), La Periférica Produccions, Lacomba Produccions

Source: http://www.lamalatesta.net/